By Danny C. | DCPeriodical | 01/14/20 |
Three countries — Britain, France, and Germany — have formally accused Iran of breaking its side of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) — the nuclear agreement put in place to curb Iran’s nuclear program.
The agreement was made between Iran and the five permanent member nations of the UN Security Council — China, France, Russia, UK, US — plus Germany and the European Union. It was agreed to in Vienna in 2015.
[France, Britain, and Germany] triggered what is called the dispute mechanism in the deal. Triggering the mechanism amounts to formally accusing Iran of violating the terms of the agreement.–Reuters.
Iran has always claimed to not be using their nuclear program for weapons manufacturing. Whether or not that is a fact, all evidence shows they had been keeping their end of the JCPoA since it was agreed upon.
Despite this, President Trump’s White House angered the international community in 2018 when they dropped out of the accord and put heavy sanctions on Iran.
Since then, Iran has incrementally rolled back its commitments to the deal as a direct protest to the US’s campaign of “maximum pressure.”
Four days after the US assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani, on January 6th Iran announced they were scrapping the JCPoA limits put on their enrichment of uranium.
The three countries triggering the dispute mechanism claim they “are not joining a campaign to implement maximum pressure against Iran.”
Their hope, they say, “is to bring Iran back into full compliance with its commitments under the JCPoA.”
Russia, another JCPoA signee, said they saw no reason for the triggering, while Iran called the move a “strategic mistake.”
Iran has long accused the Europeans of reneging on promises to protect its economy from U.S. sanctions. Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi dismissed the “completely passive action” of the three countries.
He said Iran would support any act of “goodwill and constructive effort” to save the agreement but would give a “serious response to any destructive measures.”
The three European nations have said that, at least for now, they don’t plan on sanctioning Iran, but feel that “given recent events, it is all the more important that we do not add a nuclear proliferation crisis to the current escalation threatening the whole region.”
That being said, since the dispute mechanism has been triggered, the parties involved, including Iran, of course, have 15 days to come to an agreement, “a deadline that can be extended or ultimately lead to reimposing U.N. sanctions,” Reuters reports.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu — currently facing multiple indictments for corruption — claimed that he “knows exactly what’s going in with Iran’s nuclear program.” Iran, he says, “thinks it can achieve nuclear weapons.”
Through a thinly veiled threat, Netanyahu stated that Israel — currently under investigation for war crimes and a country which possesses nukes itself — “will not allow Iran to achieve nuclear weapons.”
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